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PSY A37 C4 2003 (COL)
Children's images and perceptions of death : a descriptive study
by Adriano, Olivia Elaine D
xi, 140 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.

©2003 Published by The Authors
Added Authors:  Buenaflor, Jennifer Anne O.; Laurente, Maria Angelica C.; Santos, Maria Martha S.
Thesis:  (Bachelor of Arts in Psychology) -- Miriam College, 2003.
ABSTRACT:  This descriptive study was conducted to describe the primary children's images and perceptions of death among the three variables: Grade level (grade 2 and grade 6), experience (those who have and those who have not witnessed the loss of a loved one) and gender (male and female). Sixteen second graders with ages ranging 7-8 years old and seventeen six graders with ages ranging 11-18 years old were the participants. The instruments used in this study were survey questionnaires, drawing materials which consist of bond papers, pencils and 8 pieces of crayons as well as tape recorders to record the statements verbatim. After 5 days of rapport building through games and classroom discussions, the researchers started the one-by-one actual testing in an air-conditioned classroom. The findings show that both grade 2 and 6 participants were able to associate death with scenes of a cemetery, a funeral, heaven (where the good soul will go) and hell (where the bad soul will go) as well as with figures such as angels and monsters. They also associate realistic and fatalistic causality on death such as violence, diseases and accidents and believe that both humans and animals die. Children's drawings and responses also reflect symbols of Christianity such as crosses, altars, priests, God, heaven and hell. Lastly, the children were consistent in expressing their feelings of sadness. Parents, one's own understanding, and conversations of other people were children's primary sources of information. Media and teachers were secondary sources of information. The difference between the two grade levels lies on their ability to comprehend and respond to questions immediately and elaborately as well as create more complex images. The drawings and responses of those who have witnessed death were based on their experiences. Thos e who has not witnessed death usually expressed sadness. Both males and females do not show any difference in their understanding of death. Their images of the persons in their drawings represent their gender. However, the difference lies on their ability to express death more expressively and elaborately. Females were more elaborate and expressive than males.
Book ID 1000073384
Children and death
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